Canzi & Heller
CANZI ES HELLER
opened studio in 1847
Ágost Elek Canzi (1808–1866), painter,
József Heller (?–?), goldsmith,
opened a joint studio in 4. Kristóf square, Pest, 1862
in 1867 coronation ceremony
Emporer Francis Joseph I. was crowned Hungarian King
Francis Joseph’s Coronation, 1867
Austro-Hungarian compromise 1867
The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867
established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, formerly the Habsburg Empire.
Signed by Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria and a Hungarian delegation led by Ferenc Deák, the Compromise established the framework of the new government in which the Cisleithanian (Austrian) and Transleithanian (Hungarian) regions of the state were governed by separate Parliaments and Prime Ministers. Unity was maintained through a common ruler, military, and several ministries.
The Compromise was formally voted on by the restored Hungarian Diet on 30 March 1867.
Under the Compromise of 1867, Austria-Hungary had two capital cities, Vienna and Buda (subsequently Budapest). The two regions had separate Prime Ministers and Parliaments that created and maintained different laws. Austria-Hungary remained unified through several ministries and in the form of a single ruler, Emperor-King Franz Joseph. The army and navy were managed by a common Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Trade regulation was also unified under the Ministry of Finance. Terms of the Compromise were renegotiated every ten years.
Franz Joseph I Karl (German, I. Ferenc József in Hungarian, in English Francis Joseph I Charles, see the name in other languages)
(18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916 .
Photographs of Events in Hungary
Major events and everyday life is recorded in the photographs of this unit, taken by professional amateur and home photographers from the beginnings of news photography to present.
The earliest photographies are those of József Heller, photographing the the coronation festivities of 1867.
The number of pictures made of events increased from the 1890’s. After the funeral of Lajos Kossuth (1894) and the Millenial Celebration, the environs of the new Parliament became the new hunting territory of photographers, where they could catch a glimpse of politicians arriving and leaving.
With photographing becoming cheaper and easier at the beginning of the 20th century, the number of those photographing for themselves or for the pleasure of their friends and family, increased. A lot of pictures were made allowing a glimpse into the private sphere by photographing small events of everyday life. The collection keeps these in a large number.
During the First World War a lot of pictures were made, both at the fighting scenes and in the hinterland. From the battlefield pictures of amateur photographers, of the events in Budapest during the war years the pictures by János Müllner are kept in the collection. The events of the revolutions following the war were photographed by several excellent photographers like Gyula Jelfy, János Müllner, Révész & Bíró, Manó Vjda, Gyula Varsányi and Ármin Schäffer. Amateurs also took pictures of the turbulent days.
The official media photo material of the Horthy era was presented by the photo section of the Hungarian Film Office. The political and diplomatic events of the era were recorded by the archive photos of Pesti Hírlap (and of Pesti Napló in a few cases), or got into the collection from the legacy of the reporters working by that time (Károly Escher, Sándor Bojár, Tibor Inkey, Oszkár Kallós). Photo material of excellent quality is to be found in the Photo Collection of the visits of foreign politicians, or governments following one another.
About Hungary’s participation in the Second World War, mostly the photos of war correspondants are in the collection.
The events of the years between 1945 and 1947 are known firstly from the recordings of the MAFIRT (Hungarian Film Office Ltd.) The company, after taking the name Magyar Fotó in 1947, continued to be the main producer of photographs until April 1956.
The destruction of the war, the clearing out of the ruins, the re-building process are shown on the pictures of József Széll, Kálmán Szölőssy, Tibor Csörgeő and János Kunszt.Sándor Bojár’s pictures show the trials of the People’s Tribunal and the execution of the verdicts. There are almost 3500 photographs of the Revolution and Freedom Fights of 1956. Most of these are the works of well-known and unknown Hungarian photographers (Árpád Précsenyi, Dr. Tibor Szentpétery, and Dr. Dénes Hegedűs) and foreign reporters (Jean-Pierre Pedrazzini, Franz Goess, Anders Engmann). From the period after 1956 the majority of aour photographs were produced by the Hungarian News Agency (MTI).
The photo-reporter Irén Ács donated her life’s work of about 70 000 negatives to the collection in the 1990’s. Being the reporter of „Ország-Világ“ she photographed important and less important events, artists and ordinary people alike, from the 1960’s to the 1980’s.
The events following the change of regime are shown on the pictures of András Bánkuti, Imre Benkő, Csaba Habik, Zoltán Fejér, Zoltán Hajtmanszki, Miklós Gulyás, Tamás Szigeti, Zsolt Szigetváry, and others.
Ferenc Kollarz: Franz Joseph on horseback on the coronation mound at Budapest, drawing, 1867
Canzi & Heller: Portrait of Franz Liszt, 1860s.
Canzi es Heller: Portrait of Ferenc Erkel, circa 1870
Superstar in Soutane
Franz Liszt in Rom oder: Vom offenen Geheimnis einer Bewerbung
Musik in der Soutane: Franz Liszt in Budapest.
Foto: bpk/József Heller
Photographer: Heller József – Pest 1861
CDV, around 1860s
Photographer: Heller József
Gift from a dear Flickr friend
Unter dem Österreichisch-Ungarischen Ausgleich
versteht man die verfassungsrechtlichen Vereinbarungen, durch die das Kaisertum Österreich in die Doppelmonarchie Österreich-Ungarn umgewandelt wurde.
Nach der Niederlage im Deutschen Krieg von 1866 war Kaiser Franz Joseph I. gezwungen, die Nationalitätenfrage im Vielvölkerstaat zu lösen. Die offenkundige Beschränkung der inneren Autonomie in den Ländern der ungarischen Krone, wie sie nach der Niederschlagung der ungarischen Revolution und des Freiheitskrieges von 1848/1849 absolutistisch festgelegt wurde, konnte wegen des passiven Widerstandes der führenden magyarischen Schichten gegen den Einheitsstaat nicht mehr aufrechterhalten werden.
Deshalb traten 1866 die k.k. Regierung und der ungarische Landtag zu Verhandlungen zusammen. Diese führten im Februar 1867 zur Wiederherstellung des ungarischen Reichstages von 1848 (statt eines Landtages), zur Bildung des konstitutionellen ungarischen Ministeriums (einer königlich-ungarischen Regierung) und am 8. Juni 1867 zur Krönung Franz Josephs I. in Budapest. Die Länder der ungarischen Krone waren nun von Österreich innenpolitisch unabhängig; vor allem bei Außenpolitik und Militär hatte der Monarch aber auf einer Realunion zwischen Österreich (juristisch und politisch in Österreich oft Cisleithanien genannt) und Ungarn (Transleithanien) bestanden.
Diese Realunion (ihre Einrichtungen wurden als k.u.k. bezeichnet) wurde von Ungarn mit Zustimmung von König Karl IV., gleichzeitig Kaiser Karl I. von Österreich, 51 Jahre später kurz vor dem Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs per 31. Oktober 1918 aufgekündigt.
Coronation of Emperor Franz Joseph and Empress Elisabeth of Austria as King and Queen of Hungary, on June 8th, 1867, in Buda, Capital of Hungary. Work of Ödön (Edmund) Tull, copy of original painting of Eduard Engerth.
The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867
(German: Ausgleich, Hungarian: Kiegyezés)
(alias Composition of 1867)
established the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
The Compromise re-established partially the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Hungary, separate from, and be no longer subject to the Austrian Empire. Under the Compromise, the lands of the House of Habsburg were reorganized as a real union between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Cisleithanian (Austrian) and Transleithanian (Hungarian) regions of the state were governed by separate parliaments and prime ministers. Unity was maintained through rule of a single head of state, the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary, and common monarchy-wide ministries of foreign affairs, defence and finance under his direct authority. The armed forces were combined with the Emperor-King as commander-in-chief.
The names conventionally used for the two realms were derived from the river Leitha, or Lajta, a tributary of the Danube and the traditional border between Austrian and Magyar lands. The Leitha however did not form the entire border nor was its whole course part of the border: the Cis- and Trans- usage was by force of custom rather than geographical accuracy.
Mag. Ingrid Moschik,